Types of Urinary Incontinence

Brian King11/ 3/142 comments

Urinary incontinence -- the accidental leakage of urine -- affects millions of Americans, the majority of them women. There are several different types of urinary incontinence.


Stress Incontinence

Stress incontinence may happen when there is an increase in abdominal pressure -- such as when you exercise, laugh, sneeze, or cough. Urine leaks due to weakened pelvic floor muscles and tissues.

Causes of stress incontinence include pregnancy and childbirth, which cause stretching and weakening of the pelvic floor muscles. Other factors may also increase the risk for stress incontinence, such as being overweight or obese, having had prostate surgery, and taking certain medications.

Urge Incontinence

Urge incontinence is often referred to as overactive bladder: You have an urgent need to go to the bathroom and may not get there in time, leaking urine.

Causes of overactive bladder include:
  • Damage to the bladder's nerves
  • Damage to the nervous system
  • Damage to muscles

Conditions such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, diabetes, and stroke can affect nerves, leading to urge incontinence. Other conditions such as bladder infections, bladder stones, and use of certain medications can also contribute to symptoms.

Some women have both of these types of urinary incontinence -- stress and urge. Doctors call this mixed urinary incontinence.

Overflow Incontinence

You may have overflow incontinence if you are not able to empty your bladder appropriately. As a result, you may have leakage once the bladder is already full. This is more common in men with symptoms of frequent dribbling of urine.

Causes of overflow incontinence include:

  • Weak bladder muscles
  • Blockage of the urethra, such as by prostate enlargement
  • Medical conditions, such as tumors, that cause obstruction of urine flow
  • Constipation

Functional Incontinence

With functional incontinence, physical problems such as arthritis, or cognitive problems such as dementia, prevent you from getting to the bathroom in time.

Treatment for Different Types of Urinary Incontinence

To improve or eliminate urinary incontinence, you can make lifestyle changes and get treatment depending on which type you have.

For stress incontinence, treatment options include:

  • Pelvic floor exercises. If you've had a baby, chances are you've been told to do Kegel exercises. These help to strengthen the pelvic floor after childbirth. It is wise to keep doing the Kegels to keep your pelvic muscles and tissues strong, which can help prevent stress incontinence. Best of all, Kegels can be done anytime, anywhere.To do Kegels:
  1. Pretend you are trying to stop the flow of urine.
  2. Hold the squeeze for 10 seconds, then rest for 10 seconds.
  3. Do 3 or 4 sets daily.
  • Biofeedback. Using monitors, the biofeedback instructor feeds you information about bodily processes, including when your bladder and urethral muscles contract. This helps you gain control. It's also often used in combination with Kegel exercises.
  • Devices. For stress incontinence in women, doctors may prescribe a device called a pessary that is inserted into the vagina to reposition the urethra and reduce leakage
  • Injections and surgery. Injections to bulk up the urethral area may help with symptoms. In more extreme cases, surgery can help. One procedure pulls the bladder back up to a more normal position, relieving the pressure and leakage. Another surgery involves securing the bladder with a "sling," a piece of tissue or other material that holds up the bladder to prevent leakage.

For urge incontinence, treatment options include:

  • Timed voiding and bladder training. First, you complete a chart of the times you urinate and the times you leak. You observe patterns and then plan to empty your bladder before an accident would likely occur. You can also "retrain" your bladder, gradually increasing the time between bathroom visits. Kegel exercises are also helpful.
  • Medications, electrical stimulation, or surgery. Doctors sometimes prescribe medicines designed to inhibit the contractions of an overactive bladder. Electrical stimulation of the bladder nerves helps in some cases. Surgery is reserved for severe cases. It aims to increase the storage capacity of the bladder.

Talking About Urinary Incontinence


All types of urinary incontinence can be embarrassing to talk about, but overcoming your reluctance is worth it. Treatment can reduce or eliminate the problem.

Here are some tips that may help you overcome your embarrassment and be open about urinary incontinence:

  • Be straightforward. Just tell the physician or the nurse you are having problems. Keep it simple: "I'm having bladder problems."
  • Expect your doctor to ask numerous questions about your situation: how long the leakage has been happening, how bad it is, how much it upsets your life. If this doesn't happen, it may be time to switch doctors or at least to ask for a referral to another doctor with expertise in this kind of problem.

Comments (2)

Lola Ken on 8/ 4/22

🌿🌿 This is how i get cure from cancer i was diagnosed of cancer and i have tried all I can to get cured but all to no avail, until i saw in a health forum about a herbal medicine doctor who have medications to cure all kind of diseases including cancer, at first I doubted if it was real but decided to give it a try, when I contacted Dr. Azuka and he prepared a herbal medicine and sent it to me via. DHL delivery company service, when I received this herbal medicine, he directed me on how to take the medicine which i did to God be the glory, l was totally cure of the deadly disease called cancer, all thanks to 👇👇

WhatsApp +2349166175418

Email dr.azukasolutionhome@gmail.com

Dexter Tamara on 5/30/22

My mom was suffering from Type 2 diabetes and Lupus for over 17yrs. She tried many drugs but at last became dependent on saferoom and metformin due to the weakness and constant pains, She found that life was just sinking & there was no way of hope. Then she consulted Chief Dr Lucky for herbal treatments, Which she had been hearing so much about, After some couple of days taking this herbal medicine, Things started to change, The symptoms started to decrease and after 19 days of taking it, She became healthy and fully free from all the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes and Lupus. My mom’s life is totally different now. That’s why I decided to let everybody know about the wonderful healing of Chief Dr Lucky herbal treatments, If you are having any health challenges kindly visit email chiefdrlucky@gmail.com or WhatsApp +2348132777335
Facebook page http://facebook.com/chiefdrlucky
Website https://chiefdrlucky.com/.

Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published